In his rewarding book, How to Create a Mind, Ray Kurzweil covers John Searle's Chinese room argument.
Ray Kurzweil's argument against Searle is extremely simple. He simply makes a distinction between Searle's man in the Chinese room and that man's rulebook. The man on his own doesn't understand Chinese. The man and the rulebook, taken together, do understand Chinese.
So let's forget intuition or obviousness.
*) Paul Churchland, tangentially, argues the same about minds/brains and what he calls “propositional attitudes”.